Houses in the "Pongau"

Taxbauernhaus / Taxbauer House

Bischofshofen / Buchberg, 1533

The Taxbauer house is the residential part of a Pongau paired farmhouse and was built between 1533 and 1535. The unique aspect of the Taxbauer house is the smoke chamber which, to the beginning of the 20th century, was common in the region of the Alps. The parlour and the smoke chamber was a room containing the open fireplace as well as a parlour stove, which was also a baking oven. The smoke chamber was the only room that could be heated and was therefore the family’s main living room. Visit the “Servants in the Province of Salzburg” exhibition on the upper floor!


Schachenstallscheune / Schachen Stable Barn

Radstadt / Löbenau, 17th century

The Schachen stable barn and the Taxbauer house together made a typical Pongau paired farmhouse. The stable was on the ground floor. It was a permanent manure stable, which means it was only cleared out each spring. There was no running water in the stable and the water had to be carried from a well on the other side of the road.


Pfarrfeldstadel / Pfarrfeld Barn

St. Veit im Pongau, 18th century

This was a typical stable for hay in Pongau, where the stored hay was brought to the farm by sled. This was a simple, lightly jointed construction with good ventilation for the stored hay to be easily dried.


Lärchenhaus / Lärchen House

St. Martin am Tennengebirge, 1505

The Lärchen home is particularly interesting from a cultural-historical perspective. It shows the development of the house with an open fireplace in the living area, to a house with a smokeless living area and a separate kitchen. Originally, the foyer of the Lärchen farmhouse extended over the entire gable end.  The stone walled kitchen with an open fireplace was not built in until later. A tile stove was installed in the living area instead of the open fireplace and the baking oven.  


Deising-Brechelbad / Deising-Flax Roast Barn

Ellmau, 18th century

Before further processing, such as braking, the flax had to be dried in a “bathhouse”. Until into the 18th century the brake baths also served as sweat baths, similar to our sauna today.



Bad Gastein / Böckstein, 1908

In its original location at Böckstein, the locomotive depot which dates back to the year 1908, served as a boiler house to the steam locomotives for a long time. At the Open Air Museum the building serves as the space for the exhibition on the history of the "Gaisberg Railway Line."



See our You Tube Channel Salzburger Freilichtmuseum!


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