Gaisberg Railway Line / Lokremise Böckstein
The "Gaisberg Railway Line" exhibition located in an old Tauern Line locomotive depot recalls the rack railway line that lead to the top of Gaisberg Mountain in the years 1887 to 1928. The locomotive no. 1 and the wagon no. 6, both originals, are central elements of the exhibition, kindly presented on loan by the Technisches Museum Wien.
Hunger, hardship and trust in God! / Lärchenhof
This special exhibition is dedicated to the squalid everyday life of a farmer’s family around 1816. Which kind of crops did they cultivate, what was their daily menu like? Which illnesses did they suffer from? How much tax did they have to pay? These and similar issues are investigated.
Lungau - Region beyond the „Tauern“ mountains / Abrahamhof (Abraham Farm)
On the threshing floor of the Abrahamhof (Abraham Farm) in the museum section belonging to the district Lungau a permanent exhibition on the eponymous area of Salzburg has been established. It is devoted to the history, geography, climate and folk culture of the formerly self-contained district on a surface of 270 m2. Among other interesting facts the ancient itinerant trade of the “Sauschneider” is presented (“swine cutters”: itinerant workers specialized in castration of animals like bulls, boars or stallions)
Dieselross-Bulldog farmer`s tractor/ Krallerhof (Kraller Farm)
The Krallerhof (Kraller Farm) is a large farmstead right behind the “Flachgau” train station and highlights a collection of 14 historic tractors. Get inspired by the technical developments in farming and compare the individual sounds of the engines while watching the multimedia show.
Rural breweries in Salzburg / Brewery
On the occasion of the opening of rural brewery that once belonged to the Hanisl Farm of Dietersham, including the original furnishings, a fine exhibition featuring rustic breweries in Salzburg was established. Check out the touch-screen monitor to get additional topic-related info.
Fences at the Open-Air Museum / Kellbauern Farm corn depot
The landscape of rural Salzburg features an astonishingly large variety of fences. Find a display of models of the most common forms of fences all over the province of Salzburg at the corn depot of the Kellbauern Farm.
Servants in the province of Salzburg / Taxbauernhaus (Taxbauern Farm)
The exhibition is located at the first floor of the Taxbauern Farm residential building. A small room for the farmhand with typical furnishing is just one of multiple aspects that throw light on the everyday life of that particular occupational group. Hierarchy among servants, working time, rights and obligations, food and living, leisure time and religious beliefs have been considered as well as the formal end of menial servitude towards the end of the 2nd World War. Numerous exhibits, pictures illustrating the work year-round, as well as audio niches with contemporary witness reports make for an impressive overview.
From digging stick to plow / Sillbauernhaus (Sillbauer Farmhouse)
Telling the story of the development of the plow, the exhibition on the threshing floor of the Sillbauer Farmhouse starts in the Neolithic Age and proceeds to the all-steel plough of the pre-war area. Visitors can have a try and lend a hand to get an idea of how strenuous that kind of job used to be.
In a small permanent exhibition the museum presents an overview of historic mousetraps. Among the most commonly used traps were block traps, choke traps, spring traps and water traps. Live-catch mousetraps were used alternatively, even though the mice were probably just drowned after having been caught. In many regions of central Europe traps made of wood and wire were produced in home workshops and sold by itinerant merchants.
Power plant Fürstenbrunn
This parallel exhibition highlights the functionality of a power plant and documents the history of electrification of rural areas.
Field, forest and industrial trains in Land Salzburg
A small exhibition in the „Flachgau“ station hall provides information about the history of various trains formerly used in the province of Salzburg in different areas of operation like forestry, agriculture, industry and construction. All over the province, especially in the first half of the 20th century, numerous narrow-gauge transport railways were used to facilitate the cutting of peat, stream regulation, on large construction sites and in industrial plants.
Stop your car! Toll road!
The upper floor of the toll station Guttal is home to the permanent exhibition titled “Stop your car! Toll road!” featuring the Großglockner High Alpine Road. The display covers the history of road construction, toll charges and the snow cleaning on Europe`s most famous alpine road. A car radio plays various contemporary witness reports about the history of the road.
House of sounds
Experience the acoustic impressions of ancient everyday life in the countryside. Listen to the cozy crackle of the fire in the open fireplace and the rattle of the sewing machine from the main room, while the sounds of cows mooing in the stable and the rattle of chains mix with other typical background noises such as the chopping of wood and whetting of scythes.
Natural Kneipp hydrotherapy area
A Kneipp basin cut out of local Adnet marble is the centerpiece of the spaciously designed hydrotherapy area, which is an invitation for refreshment at one of the museum’s most scenic spots. The fresh spring water is conducted into the pool over a historic wooden brine pipeline, passing a mighty rock bubbler. There are two wooden troughs for arm baths as well as a pouring hose for effusions and a foot reflexology course. Another highlight of that section is a gazebo that was erected true to a historical model from 1900. There visitors are informed about Sebastian Kneipp`s visit to Salzburg and the beginning of Kneipp therapy in the region.
The Salzburg Open-Air Museum is home to unique fauna and flora, which is remarkable from a European perspective. It is especially rich in butterflies and wildflowers. A highlight of that biodiversity is the extremely rare butterfly called “scarce fritillary”. Since 2002 the Open-Air Museum and its surrounding area is rated among the EU- wide network of “Natura 2000 Areas”, which follow the objective of safeguarding the national natural heritage. In order to actively preserve that unique diversity, a LIFE nature project supported by the EU is presently being carried out. The construction of an interactive butterfly watching trail including a watch tower and bedding meadow was an important part of the project that was envisioned in order to make visitors appreciate the treasure trove of nature to be found at the museum.
In the months between May and October a herd of goats can be encountered in their own enclosure not far from the museum restaurant. The charming animals are among the museum`s favorites and like being stroked.
Gardens at the farmhouse
A total of eleven gardens are being maintained at the museum, making for a special feature that arouses a great deal of fascination in visitors. In the old days the gardens used to supply the farmers` families with vegetables, salads and herbs, but also flowers. During the museum season the extremely hard work of maintenance is handled by three gardeners. The plants of the gardens were chosen to fit the climatic and physiographic conditions at the place of origin. Compared to the gardens of the Lungau or the Pongau areas, the farmhouse gardens of the Flachgau groups of houses naturally give room to a larger variety of plants due to the much more favorable climatic conditions of the region. Some of the gardens have been dedicated to special themes: one garden was planned to grow herbs exclusively, whereas another one has only dye plants. Additionally, the shapes of fences were chosen corresponding to the geographic and historic features: various regional historic forms of fences are the “Hanichlzaun” as well as the “Speltenzaun” featuring typical hurdle work.
Model of the museum area
A detailed model of the Open-Air Museum on a scale of 1:200 can be found right in the entrance area flooded with light. It offers a perfect opportunity to get one`s bearings and captivates with its faithful and true to scale presentation of geographic details such as buildings, as well as all fences, bridges, wayside shrines and other constructions. It creates an impressive overview of the 50 hectare grounds and provides a way to get informed about various routes and trails, location of the individual farmhouses and the exact position of important museum facilities. The model was created in 2003 and is constantly being updated integrating models of newly added buildings.