Wenn der Holzwurm bohrt...

An vielen Museumsbauten nagt im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes der Zahn der Zeit. Die unbewohnten Häuser sind unterschiedlichen Witterungsbedingungen ausgesetzt, was die Gefahr von Schädlingsbefall in Form von holzzerstörenden Insekten mit sich bringt. Eine in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Holztechnikum Kuchl durchgeführte Bestandsaufnahme brachte wenig Erfreuliches ans Licht. Viele Gebäude erreichen auf der sechsteiligen Monitoring-Skala die Stufen 5 und 6 („starker Schädlingsbefall" und „sehr starker Schädlingsbefall"). Konkret geht es dabei um Anobium punctatum oder Gewöhnlicher Nagekäfer vulgo Holzwurm, der sich durch das Holz der Häuser bohrt.

Die Gebäude müssen daher nacheinander schädlingsfrei gemacht werden. Von 15. bis 25. September 2015 sind nun die beiden Pongauer Hofgruppen und ein Haus im Bereich Pinzgau dran. Dazu wird jedes zu behandelnde Gebäude komplett in Folien verpackt und anschließend bis zu 72 Stunden mit Sulfurylfluorid-Gas behandelt, eine Methode, die international bei historischen denkmalgeschützten Gebäuden angewendet wird.

Die heurige Maßnahme kostet das Museum über 50.000 Euro. Aufgrund der hohen Kosten müssen die Maßnahmen auf mehrere Jahre verteilt werden. Finanzielle Unterstützung erfährt das Projekt durch die Sektion Kultur des Bundeskanzleramts und die Firma Kaindl.

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